Firearm-related violence is common in our contemporary world and causes serious harm to humans as well as to the society. One of the countries in which firearm-related violence is increasing is Sweden and its most southern region, Skane, in which Malmo, Sweden's third largest city, is highly affected.
If not contained and limited, Sweden risks becoming more more violent. Firearm-related violence is a serious threat to mankind and a well-known public Tre anhallna efter drapforsok issue [ 1 ]. One of the countries in the western Europe usually deemed safe and quite preserved from firearm-related violence and deadly violence has been Sweden. This is, however, no longer true, and even Sweden is today to a high degree affected by the increasing use of firearm-related violence and criminality.
The statistics for have not yet been reported by the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention.
Perhaps not so surprising, the three largest cities in Sweden, Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmo, are the ones most affected by crime and firearm-related violence. Inthe Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention concluded in a report that firearm-related violence is increasing in Sweden [ 9 ], not least in south Sweden where Malmo, the country's third largest city lies. Comparing this study to other studies from European countries as well as Scandinavian countries [ 1213 ], inclusive of previous Swedish studies [ 1214 ], the use of firearm-related violence is higher and thus troublesome.
The reason for the increase of firearm-related violence in Sweden is probably binary: According to the Swedish Police and the Swedish illegal weapons including firearms and grenades are smuggled into Sweden primary from countries in the West Balkans [ 19 ].
Sweden is a country with restrictive gun laws, which is reflected in the low amount of accidental firearm fatalities in the country [ 20 ]. In order Tre anhallna efter drapforsok own a firearm, a licence must be obtained from the
Tre anhallna efter drapforsok. The applicant must also clearly
Tre anhallna efter drapforsok for what purpose he needs to own a firearm and provide documentations for it; the most common reasons are either membership in a shooting club or because of hunting purposes after receiving hunting license first.
The law which foremost regulates the ownership of a firearm is the Swedish Weapon Law from as legislated by the Swedish Parliament [ 21 ]. Further regulations are stated in the weapon decree also from "Tre anhallna efter drapforsok" the Department of Justice [ 22 ], as well as the National Police Board's regulations on the Weapon Law [ 23 ]. Most affected by firearm-related violence in Sweden is the southern region of Sweden, Skane and its largest city Malmo [ 11 ].
Only three days into the New Year an year-old girl was wounded after being shot [ 25 ]. Later the same day a young man was brutally shot down and murdered [ 26 ]. Three days later, January 6, a man was wounded after being shot in an apartment [ 27 ]. The tragedy culminated on January 12, when a year-old child was viciously shot and killed with several bullets in his head and face as he was on his way home [ 28 ].
The police have deemed the shootings to be gang-related or at least connected to gang members. There is no doubt that firearm-related violence is increasing in Sweden, causing serious consequences for the country, not least in discussing the faith and trust of the people for the police and the judicial system. The phenomenon of gang-related violence in which firearms have a central role [ 1029 ] is new for Sweden. This may very well explain the large problems the Swedish judicial system has in combating firearm-related violence, considering that it is increasing [ 15—18 ] and that the great majority of gang-related homicides remains unsolved, even though the police state that they in many cases know who the killer is but cannot prove it [ 30 ].
However, with what we are seeing today in Sweden and not least Malmo, serious considerations must be made in reforming the countries judicial system. There is a widespread political unity between the countries political parties in that measures must be taken in order to combat the increasing gang-related violence in the country, but what measures to take and prioritize continues to be a point of discussion. The Swedish Police are in acute need of more personnel as they today find themselves in a crisis as more police officers than ever before leave their jobs because of low salaries and troubled leadership [ 31 ].
Furthermore, in order to combat the increasing gang criminality, a more effective criminal intelligence organization is needed to map and identify elements of interest. As gang criminality is a new phenomenon in Sweden, more training and education is needed for police officers, detectives and investigators.
At the same time, we are also in need
Tre anhallna efter drapforsok more serious and harsher punishments for firearm-related violence. Today, if a person concealing a firearm is arrested by the police, he or she will probably after identification, be set free, without being detained and await trial.
The Swedish government should consider a change in the law so that individuals arrested with a firearm can automatically be detained until trial, and not set free. Without acute reforms, Sweden risks Tre anhallna efter drapforsok more violent as the cycle of violence will never be closed, and the criminal climate will continue to harden. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Journal List Forensic Sci Res v. Published online May 3.
Ardavan Khoshnood a, b. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Received Jan 19; Accepted Mar Forensic science, firearms, homicide, gun violence, Skane, Malmo, Sweden. Background Firearm-related violence is a serious threat to mankind and a well-known public health issue [ 1 ]. Gun laws in Sweden Sweden is a country with restrictive gun laws, which is reflected in the low amount of accidental firearm fatalities in the country [ 20 ].
Malmo — Sweden's third largest city Most affected by firearm-related violence in Sweden is the southern region of Sweden, Skane and its largest city Malmo [ 11 ].
The future of Sweden There is no doubt that firearm-related violence is increasing in Sweden, causing serious consequences for the country, not least in discussing the faith and trust "Tre anhallna efter drapforsok" the people for police and the judicial system. Disclosure statement No potential conflict of interest was reported by the author.
A resolution for physicians: International Action Network on Small Arms. Cambridge University Press; Paul Green Printing; Lenanders Grafiska AB; Homicide in Finland, the Netherlands, and Sweden first findings from the European homicide monitor. Homicide by firearms in two Scandinavian capitals. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. Injury panorama and medical consequences for persons assaulted in the central part of Stockholm, Sweden. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg.
Elanders Sverige AB; Redovisning av regeringsuppdrag [Reduce the import of illegal firearm: Report of a government assignment]. Fatal firearm accidents in Sweden. More police leaving the force.
På tisdagen, den 12 juni, meddelade polisen att Jönköpingspolisen har varit beredd på stöldanmälningar efter en liknande stöldvåg i Linköping.